CATHOLIC MORAL PRINCIPLES:
FINDING CHRIST at the END of LIFE

 

 

 


 


CREATED
for ETERNAL
LIFE with GOD
 

 

 The Coronotion of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Heaven
Tres Riches Heures
of Jean, Duke of Berry
15th Cent. MS illum.

Catechism-Life [USCCB] ;    ERDs [pdf ] ;   Christ the Good Samaritan [Vatican]


 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 



1_General_Principles_of_Cathoilc_Moral_Decision_Making


 


1. CATHOLIC PRINCIPLES
of
ETHICAL DECISION-MAKING
 

 



 


INTRODUCTION


 

 

 

From a Powerpoint presentation by Fr. Marco Durazo, Rector of St. John's Seminary - used with permission
CSDC = Compendium of the Social Doctrine of the Church

 

 

 


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

2. WITHDRAWING or WITHHOLDING MEDICAL TREATMENT


 


2. WITHDRAWING
or
WITHHOLDING
M
EDICAL TREATMENT
 

 


FOR many centuries the Catholic Church has taught what is now clearly stated in the Catechism of the Catholic Church with regard to withdrawing or withholding medical treatment:

§2278. Discontinuing medical procedures that are [:]

2278 Cessatio a mediis medicinalibus,

burdensome,

dangerous,

extraordinary, or

disproportionate to the expected outcome

onerosis,

periculosis,

extraordinariis vel

talibus quae cum effectibus obtentis proportionata non sunt,

can be legitimate; it is the refusal of “over-zealous” treatment. Here one does not will to cause death; one’s inability to impede it is merely accepted. The decisions should be made by the patient if he is competent and able or, if not, by those legally entitled to act for the patient, whose reasonable will and legitimate interests must always be respected.

legitima esse potest. Haec est recusatio « saevitiae therapeuticae ». Hoc modo, non intenditur mortem inferre; accipitur non posse eam impedire. Decisiones suscipiendae sunt ab aegroto, si ad id competentiam habeat et capacitatem, secus autem ab illis qui ad id, secundum legem, habent iura, rationabilem aegroti voluntatem et legitimum commodum semper observantes.

Richness of the Catholic Bioethics Heritage (timeline); Alphonsus Ligouri nav.

a. Magisterial Texts: Catechism; USCCB-ERDs; Christ the Good Samaritan V.2.

Catholic understanding of Horror Vehemens

b. Nutrition and Hydration in Catholic Tradition (timeline); Alphonsus Ligouri nav.

Distinction between imminent death and the Persistent Vegetative State

Benedict XVI and the CDF on nutr./hydr. care for PVS patients

Recent Research that vindicates Pope Benedict's approach

POLST: Intention in Law and Catholic controversy  (bishops - nav.)

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


3. PALLIATIVE CARE versus PHYSICIAN-ASSISTED SUICIDE


 


3. PALLIATIVE CARE
versus

P
HYSICIAN-ASSISTED SUICIDE
 

 St. Elizabeth Cologne Master, late 14th c 


3a. PALLIATIVE CARE


INTRODUCTION


Magisterial Texts: (1. CATECHISM of the CATHOLIC CHURCH, 1984; 2. Bl. POPE JOHN PAUL II, Evangelium Vitae, 1985; 3. POPE BENEDICT XVI, 2006 & 2007; 4. POPE FRANCIS; 5. USCCB (2011), PHYSICIAN-ASSISTED SUICIDE - THREAT TO PALLIATIVE CARE)

Christ the Good Samaritan V.4. (Palliative care) and  V.7 (PAIN CONTROL up to UNCONSCIOUSNESS.

 

 


3b. EUTHANASIA and PHYSICIAN-ASSISTED SUICIDE


INTRODUCTION


Magisterial Texts: Iura et Bona; Catechism; Christ the Good Samaritan V.11 (on the sacraments)n

Euthanasia in the Netherlands and in the USA

California Aid-in-Dying Legislation:  SummaryText of the Law

California Medical Association: Concerns Regarding P.A.S.

Catholic Pastoral Concerns and Response to P.A.S.

 A Suicide Party in Ojai - August, 2016



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


4. ADVANCE DIRECTIVES and ORGAN DONATION


 


4. ADVANCE DIRECTIVES
and

O
RGAN DONATION
 

 


4a. ADVANCE DIRECTIVES


INTROD.


a. LA Archdiocese Advanced Health Care Directive [local pdf]:
        website: https://lacatholics.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/Advanced-Healthcare-Directive.pdf

b. Advance Directives: DPHAC and POLST

When CPR is effective/ineffective. (Leslie Blackhall article in NEJM)


4b. ORGAN DONATION


INTRODUCTION


 

Magisterial Texts: Evangelium Vitae; Benedict XVI; Catechism; USCCB ERDs; Pontif.Acad.Science on Brain Death
No papal organ donor

Recent Vatican Conference on potential and actual abuses; Case in Calif. (Navarro)



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


5. COVID VACCINES and VACCINATION


 


5. COVID VACCINES
and

VACCINATION
 

 


INTRODUCTION


 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

)

 


from the_
C
ATECHISM of the CATHOLIC CHURCH
 

I,3,I,1. on The Creed: Was conceived by the power of the Holy Spirit and was born of the Virgin Mary.   Question: “why did the Word become flesh[457: to save us; 458: so that we might know God’s love; 459: to be our model of holiness]

460   The Word became flesh to make us “partakers of the divine nature”: (2 Pet 1:4) “For this is why the Word became man, [1265, 1391] and the Son of God became the Son of man: so that man, by entering into communion with the Word and thus receiving divine sonship, might become a son of God.” (St. Irenaeus, Adv. haeres. 3, 19, 1: PG 7/1.939) “For the Son of God became man so that we might BECOME GOD(St. Athanasius, De inc., 54, 3: PG 25, 192B) [1988] “The only-begotten Son of God, wanting to make us sharers in his divinity, assumed our nature, so that he, made man, might MAKE MEN GODS(St. Thomas Aquinas, Opusc. 57: 1-4).

 III,2,1: Grace and Justification: [on justification]:

1988   Through the power of the Holy Spirit we take part in Christ's Passion by dying to sin, and in his Resurrection by being born to a new life; we are members of his Body which is the Church, [654] branches grafted onto the vine which is himself:(Cf. 1 Cor 12; Jn 15:1-4)

[God] gave himself to us through his Spirit. By the participation of the Spirit, we become communicants in the divine [460] nature [...] For this reason, THOSE IN WHOM THE SPIRIT DWELLS ARE DIVINIZED.(St. Athanasius, Ep. Serap. 1, 24: PG 26.585 & 588)

1999   The grace of Christ is the gratuitous gift that God makes to us of his own life, infused by the Holy Spirit into our soul to heal it of sin and to sanctify it. It is the SANCTIFYING or DEIFYING grace received in Baptism. [1966]  It is in us the source of the work of sanctification: (Cf. Jn 4:14; 7:38-39) Therefore if any one is in Christ, he is a new creation; the old has passed away, behold, the new has come. All this is from God, who through Christ reconciled us to himself.(2 Cor 5:17-18).


 

 

 


TRANSFIGURATION ICON


Apse, St. Katharine's Monastery, Sinai.  ca. 550.

 
 
 
 

 

 

 
 
 

CORONATION of the BVM

Coronation of the Virgin,  Belles Heures of Jean, Duke of Berry.


 

 

 

 

 

 

 


QUESTIONS


 

 

 


 


Questions for Part One

In Catholic theology the moral significance of an act includes not only the intended result, but also the effect on the person performing the act.


Does this make sense?


Can you think of examples that illustrate this?


 


 

 

 


 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 


 

 

 


 


Questions for Part Two

Have you ever been faced with the decision to withdraw medical care (for example, to turn off a respirator) for a relative or loved one?


Did you know at the time that the Catholic Church permits this as long as the intention is not to cause death?


 


 

 

 


 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 


 

 

 


 


Questions for Part Three

Have you ever known someone who wished to commit suicide?

What were their reasons for wanting to end their life, and how did you respond?

If you have never known anyone who contemplated suicide: have you ever had severe pain that lasted for a long time?

How effective was the treatment, and did you have the support of relatives and friends?


 


 

 

 


 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 


 

 

 


 


Questions for Part Four

Have you completed an advanced directive for health care?

Are you designated as an organ donor on your driver’s license?

Why, or why not?


 


 

 

 


 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 


 

 

 


 


Questions for Part Five

Have you been immunized for COVID?

Do you know someone who objects to being immunized?  Do you know what their reasons are?


 


 

 

 


 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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