DISCERNMENT
/ Diakrisis /
διάκρισις.

 

 


 

  BIBLICAL MEANINGS

 

 

 

   IMPEDIMENTS TO SPIRITUAL VISION
DISTORTED VISION as EFFECT of ORIGINAL SIN
INABILITY to SEE OTHER EXCEPT by GRACE
TENDENCY to BELIEVE in UNJUST, JEALOUS  GOD

 

 

 

   THE FUNDAMENTALS: VICE and VIRTUE

 

 

 

   DISCERNING between the DEMONIC and the ANGELIC (and the HUMAN)

 

 

 

   DISCERNING in the SELF and the OTHER

 

 

 

   EXAMPLES of CONTEMPLATIVE DISCERNMENT

 

 

 

   IGNATIUS of LOYOLA and DISCERNMENT of SPIRITS in the EXERCISES

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 


DISCERNMENT / Diakrisis / διάκρισις.*
 

 

 

 Theological dictionary of the New Testament. 1964-c1976.
(G. Kittel, G. W. Bromiley & G. Friedrich, Ed.) (Vol. 3, Page 949-950). Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans.

 

 

LIKE διακρίνειν, this bears several divergent meanings, “separation,” “distinction,” “strife,” “appraisal,” “exposition.”1 In the Septuagint it occurs only at Job 37:16, where the meaning is not clear. In the NT it usually means “differentiation,”

 

 

    1 Corinthians 12:10   between spirits  [of the spirits of the prophets]

 

. . . [there is given]. . . TO another the working of miracles, to another prophecy, to another the ability to distinguish between spirits, to another various kinds of tongues, to another the interpretation of tongues. ἄλλῳ δὲ ἐνεργήματα δυνάμεων, ἄλλῳ [δὲ] προφητεία, ἄλλῳ [δὲ] διακρίσεις πνευμάτων, ἑτέρῳ γένη γλωσσῶν, ἄλλῳ δὲ ἑρμηνεία γλωσσῶν·

 

 

    Heb. 5:14   between good and evil.

 

BUT solid food is for the mature, for those who have their faculties trained by practice to distinguish good from evil. τελείων δέ ἐστιν στερεὰ τροφή, τῶν διὰ τὴν ἕξιν τὰ αἰσθητήρια γεγυμνασμένα ἐχόντων πρὸς διάκρισιν καλοῦ τε καὶ κακοῦ.

 

 

    Rev. 14:1:   disputes over opinions

 

AS for the man who is weak in faith, welcome him, but not for disputes over opinions. Τὸν δὲ ἀσθενοῦντα τῇ πίστει προσλαμβάνεσθε, μὴ εἰς διακρίσεις διαλογισμῶν.  [N.B. It is best to take διάκρισις here in the sense of “evaluation.”2]




 
* διάκρισις. Pape, Pr.-Bauer, B. Weiss, Erklärung d. Römerbr.9 (1899), Zn. on R. 14:1.
1 Cf. Pape for examples.
NT New Testament.
2 So Ltzm., cf. B. Weiss, also Chrysostom, Augustine.
v. verse.
3 “Doubt” (Cr.-Kö.) is not the meaning of διάκρισις.
Theological dictionary of the New Testament. 1964-c1976. Vols. 5-9 edited by Gerhard Friedrich. Vol. 10 compiled by Ronald Pitkin. (G. Kittel, G. W. Bromiley & G. Friedrich, Ed.) (Vol. 3, Page 949-950). Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans.


 

 


TO DISCERN / Diakrinō / διακρίνω.*
 

 

 

 Liddell and Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon.

 

 

διακρίνω [ρῑ], fut. -κρῐνῶ, Ep. and Delph. -κρῖνέω Il.2.387, SIG614.8 (ii b.c.):—separate one from another, ὥς τ᾽ αἰπόλια .. αἰπόλοι ἄνδρες ῥεῖα διακρίνωσιν Il.2.475, cf. Hdt.8.114; part combatants, εἰς ὅ κε δαίμων ἄμμε διακρίνῃ Il.7.292, etc.; εἰ μὴ νὺξ .. διακρινέει μένος ἀνδρῶν 2.387; δ φιλέοντε Od.4.179; κρόκην καὶ στήμονας συγκεχυμένους δ. Pl.Cra.388b:—Pass., to be parted, of hair, Plu.Rom.15: more freq. of combatants διακρινθήμεναι (Ep. inf. aor. 1 Pass.) ἤδη Ἀργείους καὶ Τρῶας Il.3.98, cf. 102, 7.306, etc.: also in fut. Med., διακρινέεσθαι Od.18.149, 20.180; διακριθέντες ἐκ τῆς ναυμαχίης Hdt.8.18; διακριθῆναι ἀπ᾽ ἀλλήλων Th.1.105, cf. 3.9; διακρίνεσθαι πρός .. part and join different parties, Id.1.18.

b. Pass., to be divorced, Leg.Gort.2.46.

2. in Philosophy, separate, decompose into elemental parts, opp. συγκρίνω, chiefly in Pass., Anaxag.12, cf. Arist.Metaph.985a28, [Epich.]245, Pl.Phd.71b, Prm.157a, etc.

3. ἄστρων διακρίνει φάη σελάνα prob. sets apart, removes, i.e. outshines, B.8.28.

II. distinguish, καί κ᾽ ἀλαὸς διακρίνειε τὸ σῆμα Od.8.195; οὐδένα δ. without distinction of persons, Hdt.3.39; οὐχὶ δ. τὴν πενιχρὰν ἢ πλουσίαν Diod.Com.2.8: pf. Pass. in med. sense, διακεκρίμεθα τάς τε καθαρὰς ἡδονὰς καὶ .. Pl.Phlb.52c: plpf. in pass. sense, διεκέκριτο οὐδέν no distinction was made, Th.1.49; διακεκριμέναι distinct, varied, B.Fr.24.

III. decide, of judges, ὀρθᾷ δ. φρενί Pi.O.8.24; δ. δίκας Hdt.1.100; διὰ δὲ κρίνουσι θέμιστας Theoc.25.46; also, determine a fever, mark its crisis, Hp.Coac.137; ἡ νοῦσος μάλιστα διακρίνει ἐν οὐδενί has usually no crisis in any patient, Id.Morb.2.71; δ. αἵρεσιν Hdt.1.11; δ. εἰ .. Id.7.54; δ. περί τινος Ar.Av.719:—Med., νεῖκος δ. get it decided, Hes.Op.35; τὸ ζητούμενον Pl.Phlb.46b; decide among yourselves, ταῦτα .. ὅπως ποτ᾽ ἔχει δ. D.32.28:—Pass., bring an issue to decision, ἐπέεσσί γε νηπυτίοισι ὧδε διακρινθέντε Il.20.212; δἴ τινι τᾶν πολίων ῃͅ ἀμφίλλογα, διακριθῆμεν Foed.Dor.ap.Th.5.79; διακριθεῖμεν περί τινος Pl.Euthphr.7c; of combatants, μάχῃ διακριθῆναι πρός τινα Hdt.9.58; πρός τινα ὑπέρ τινος LxxJl.3.(4).2; δ̔́πλοις ἢ λόγοις διακρίνεσθαι Philipp.ap.D.12.7; διακρίνεσθαι περὶ τῶν ὅλων Plb.3.111.2; τινί with one, Ep.Jud.9: abs., PMagd.1.15 (iii b.c.), etc.; also πόλεμος διακριθήσεται Hdt.7.206; of a person, to be judged, Polem.Call.18.

IV. set [a place] apart for holy purposes, Pi.O.10(11).46.

V. interpret a dream, etc., Ph.2.54, Junc.ap.Stob.4.50.95.

VI. question, τοὺς ἰατρούς Arr.Epict.4.1.148.

VII. doubt, hesitate, waver, Act.Ap.11.12 (s.v.l.): usu. in Med. and Pass., μηδὲν διακρινόμενος ib. 10.20; μὴ διακριθῆτε Ev.Matt.21.21, cf. Ep.Rom.4.20.

 

fut

fut. = future

Ep

Ep. = Epice, in the Epic dialect

SIG

SIG = Sylloge Inscriptionum Graecarum, ed. W. Dittenberger, editio tertia, Leipzig 1915–24 [Hildesheim 1960]. (SIG2 = editio altera, 1898–1901.)

Od

Odyssea [Od.]

See entry in Author and Works List for specific works.

freq

freq. = frequent, frequently

inf

inf. = infinitive

aor

aor. = aorist

Th

Thucydides Historicus [Th.]     v b.c.

See entry in Author and Works List for specific works.

Id

Id. = Idem

Leg.Gort

Leg.Gort. = Leges Gortynensium (GDI 4991, Schwyzer179).

Anaxag

Anaxagoras Philosophus [Anaxag.].     v b.c.

See entry in Author and Works List for specific works.

Epich

Epicharmus Comicus [Epich.]     v b.c.

See entry in Author and Works List for specific works.

prob

prob. = probable, probably

i.e

i.e. = id est

B

Bacchylides Lyricus [B.]     v b.c.

See entry in Author and Works List for specific works.

Diod.Com

Diodorus Comicus [Diod.Com.]     iv b.c.

See entry in Author and Works List for specific works.

pf

pf. or perf. = perfect

plpf

plpf. = pluperfect

Pi

Pindarus Lyricus [Pi.]     v b.c.

See entry in Author and Works List for specific works.

Theoc

Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus [Theoc.]     iii b.c.

See entry in Author and Works List for specific works.

Hp

Hippocrates Medicus [Hp.]     v b.c.

See entry in Author and Works List for specific works.

Ar

Aristophanes Comicus [Ar.]     v/iv b.c.

See entry in Author and Works List for specific works.

Hes

Hesiodus Epicus [Hes.]

See entry in Author and Works List for specific works.

D

Demosthenes Orator [D.]     384–322 b.c.

See entry in Author and Works List for specific works.

Foed

Foed. = Foedus

Dor

Dor. = Doric

ap

ap. = apud (quoted in)

Lxx

Vetus Testamentum Graeca redditum [LXX]

See entry in Author and Works List for specific works.

Philipp

Philippides Comicus [Philippid.]     iv/iii b.c.

See entry in Author and Works List for specific works.

Plb

Polybius Historicus [Plb.]     ii b.c.

See entry in Author and Works List for specific works.

Ep.Jud

Novum Testamentum

See entry in Author and Works List for specific works.

abs

abs. = absolute, absolutely

PMagd

PMagd. = Papyrus de Magdola, rééd … par Jean Lesquier, Paris 1912 (PLille II 2–4); republished in PEnteux..

Polem

Polemo Sophista [Polem.]     i/ii a.d.

See entry in Author and Works List for specific works.

Ph

Ph. = Philo

Junc

Juncus Philosophus [Junc.]     ii a.d. (?)

See entry in Author and Works List for specific works.

Arr

Arrianus Historicus [Arr.]     ii a.d.

See entry in Author and Works List for specific works.

s.v.l

s. v. l. = si vera lectio

usu

usu. = usually

ib

ib. = ibidem (i.e. in the same work)

 

 

 

 

xcxxcxxc  F ” “ This Webpage was created for a workshop held at Saint Andrew's Abbey, Valyermo, California in 1990....x....   “”.