Please note that the downloading and use of these documents is ENTIRELY OPTIONAL for course participants. They are provided for those who wish printable copies of more detailed versions of the texts on which the course webpages are based.
1) [WEEK 1] INTRODUCTION: Models of Spiritual Direction, Ancient and Modern.
Bishop Kallistos Ware, “Spiritual Direction in the Christian East;”
Thomas Merton, O.C.S.O., “Spiritual Direction;”
Fr. Francis Benedict, O.S.B., “Implications of Spiritual Direction (selections)”
Demacopoulos, pp. 1-20 (“Introduction”).
Karl Rahner, “Reflections on the Problem of the Gradual Ascent to Christian Perfection”, Theological Investigations, vol. 3, pp. 3-23.
Parente,. Spiritual Direction
Harton, The Elements of the Spiritual Life (not yet well-formatted)
2) [WEEK 2] CLASSICAL PHILOSOPHERS as SPIRITUAL GUIDES
Ilsetraut Hadot, “The Spiritual Guide”
Three pre-Christian Models of the Soul-Guide: “Plato, Enoch, Cicero”.
Galen, On the Doctrines of Plato and Hippocrates; On the Diagnosis and Cure of the Soul's Passions (ch 1-8),
Porphyry, The Life of Plotinus
Plotinus, Enneads (selections)
3) [WEEK 3] BIBLICAL MODELS of SPIRITUAL GUIDANCE
Articles from Kittel and Liddell-Scott. Note that the following are considerably longer and contain more detail than the brief selections used in the course webpages (they also lack the transliterations and translations provided on the webpages).
1) TEACHER / διδάσκαλος; DISCIPLE / μαθητής ; INSTRUCTOR / παιδευτή
2) ADVOCATE / παράκλητος; ADVISOR / σύμβουλος ; HELPER / βοηθός
3) SHEPHERD / ποιμήν ; GUIDE / ὁδηγός ; ANGEL / ἄγγελος
4) HEALER / ἰατρός; TRANSFORMATION / μεταμορφωσις; RENEWAL / ἀνακαίνωαις; RESTORATION / ἀποκατάστασις
4) [WEEK 4] MARTYRS and VISIONARIES as SPIRITUAL GUIDES: Ministers of Reconciliation and Intercession
Christ’s Descent into Hell
The Martyrdom of Polycarp of Smyrna
The Shepherd of Hermas (complete)
The Martyrdom of Saints Perpetua and Felicity (complete)
Cyprian of Carthage (selections)
5) [WEEK 5] ECCLESIASTICAL LEADERSHIP as SPIRITUAL GUIDANCE (Part 1)
The Apostle Peter: Biblical and Apocryphal texts
Clement of Rome, Letter, sel.
Ignatius of Antioch, Letters, sel.
Irenaeus of Lyons, Against Heresies, sel.
Athanasius, The Life of Antony & On the Incarnation, sel.
6) [WEEK 6] CONTEMPLATIVE EXEGESIS as SPIRITUAL GUIDANCE
Philo of Alexandria: Selections on Allegorical Exegesis
Cyprian of Carthage: Texts on Lectio Divina
Cassian: Conference 14 (on Spiritual Knowledge)
Origen: Selections on Spiritual Exegesis
Guigo II: The Ladder of Monks (selections)
7a) [WEEK 7] CHRISTIAN ASCETICS as SPIRITUAL GUIDES, (Part 1): Early Abbas and Ammas
St. Pelagia the Harlot, Life (complete)
The Greek Apophthegmata (selected sayings of the Desert Fathers and Mothers)
The Latin Apophthegmata (complete Latin systematic collection)
Athanasius of Alexandria, The Life of Antony (complete)
7b) [WEEK 8] CHRISTIAN ASCETICS as SPIRITUAL GUIDES, (Part 2): Evagrius Ponticus
Evagrius, On Tempting Thoughts
Evagrius, Antirrhetikos, (selections)
7c [WEEK 9] CHRISTIAN ASCETICS as SPIRITUAL GUIDES, (Part 3): Evagrius Ponticus and John Cassian
Evagrius, On Prayer
8 [WEEK 10] SPIRITUAL DIRECTION as MUTUAL SERVICE: Models of Spiritual Guidance in Ascetical Communities
Benedict XVI on St. Augustine
Pope John Paul II on St. Augustine
9 [WEEK 11] EARLY MANUALS of SPIRITUAL (SELF-) DIRECTION
John Climacus, The Ladder
Dhuoda, Manual for William
10 [WEEK 12] ECCLESIASTICAL LEADERSHIP as SPIRITUAL GUIDANCE (Part 2)
Basil, Letters 2, 72, & 173
Gregory Nazianzen, Oration 2, (in Defense of His Flight).
John Chrysostom, on Priesthood.
Ambrose of Milan, De Officiis; Letter to the Emperor Theodosius
Gregory the Great: Regula Pastoralis Letter to Gregoria
11 [WEEK 13] FROM SECRET-KEEPER TO SOUL-FRIEND: Models of Friendship and Spiritual Guidance
Aristotle and Plato, Nichomachean Ethics and Lysis on Friendship
Cicero, Laelius, de Amicitia
Ambrose & Cassian, sel from De Officiis & Conference 16
Gregory the Great, Moralia and Dialogues, sel.
Aelred of Rievaulx, sel. from Mirror of Charity & Spiritual Friendship
Diarmuid O’Laoghaire, SJ, Soul-Friendship
Cardinal Christoph Schönborn, O.P., On Love and Friendship (in Thomas Aquinas)
Kittel (Theol.Dict.N.T.) FRIEND / φίλος; FRIENDSHIP / φιλία .
12 [WEEK 14] CHARISMATIC GUIDES and UNCREATED LIGHT, Prayer, Liturgy & Spiritual Direction
Bishop Kallistos Ware, Four Articles on the Origins and Practice of the Jesus Prayer