THIS course will review the history and modern application of Catholic ethical teaching on medicine and health care, with particular attention to common ethical dilemmas concerning the beginning and the end of life. Subjects that will be covered in this course include:
1. INTRODUCTION to the COURSE
2. PRINCIPLES of CATHOLIC MORAL THEOLOGY in BIOETHICS
Relationship Between Moral Theology and Pastoral Theology
The Principle of Gradualness
2.1. Consequentialist and Deontological Morality
2.2. Natural Law
2.3. Double Effect
2.3. Virtue Theory
2.4. Formation of Conscience (Form.Consc.Faith.Cit. §17-18)
2.5. Prudence (FCFC §19-20)
2.6. Intrinsic Evil (FCFC §22-23)
2.7. Avoid both Moral Equivalence and Misuse of Distinctions (FCFC §27-29)
2.8. Limiting Harm /choosing lesser evil. (FCFC §31-33)
3. THE HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT OF CATHOLIC BIOETHICS
3.1. ANCIENT MEDICINE: 3.1.1. Hippocratic Texts; 3.1.2. Ancient Medical Practice; 3.1.3. Aristotle's Embryology; 3.1.4. Roman Infanticide and Abortion; 3.1.5. Jewish Respect for Life
3.2. EARLY CHRISTIANITY: 3.2.1. Christ the Divine Physician; 3.2.2. Opposition to Infanticide and Abortion; 3.2.3. Augustine on Ensoulment and Suicide; 3.2.4. Early Canonical Penalties for Abortion and Contraception
3.3. MEDIEVAL MEDICAL CARE: 3.3.1. Compassion for the Sick; 3.3.2. Medieval Medical Practice; 3.3.3. Aquinas on Life and Animation; 3.3.4. Debates on Abortion
3.4. RENAISSANCE BIOETHICS: 3.4.1. Anatomy and Surgery; 3.4.2. Moralists on Pain and Abortion; 3.4.3. Magisterium on Abortion
3.5. THE 17th and 18th CENTURIES: 3.5.1. Microscopy; 3.5.2. Pharmacology; 3.5.3. Medical Dogmatism and Lay Scepticism; 3.5.4. Alphonsus Ligouri
3.6. THE 19th CENTURY: 3.6.1. Anesthesia; 3.6.2. Antisepsis and Infectious Disease; 3.6.3. Nursing; 3.6.4. Public Health and Hygiene; 3.6.5. Medical Prestige and Paternalism; 3.6.6. Pius IX and Abortion
3.7. THE 20th CENTURY: 3.7.1. Eugenics and Pius XI (introd.); 3.7.2 Antimicrobials; IV Therapy; 3.7.3. Nürnberg, Informed Consent, and Pius XII (introd.); 3.7.4. Respirators and CPR
3.8. MAGISTERIAL DOCUMENTS on BIOETHICS (introd.):
4.1 Darwin, Galton, and the Rise of Eugenics
4.2 Genetics, Biodiversity, and the Fallacy of Eugenics
4.3 Pope Pius XI and the Catholic Response.
4.4 Modern Eugenics Revivals.
5. INFORMED CONSENT and PROXY CONSENT
5.1. World War II, Human Subjects, and the Nurenberg Code
5.2. Pius XII on Free, Informed Consent for Experiments
5.3. Advance Directives.
6.1. Declaration on Procured Abortion
6.2. Abortion and Civil Rights: The Legislators’ Unenviable Task.
7. MARRIAGE, THEOLOGY of the BODY and HUMANAE VITAE
7.1. Humanae Vitae
7.2. Pope John Paul II and The Theology of the Body.
8. FERTILITY and NATURAL FAMILY PLANNING:
8.1. The Biology of Human Fertility
8.2. Methods of Natural Family Planning
8.3. Benefits of Natural Family Planning
8.4 Effects of Contraception
9. ASSISTED REPRODUCTION:
9.1. Causes of and Treatment for Infertility
9.3. Questionable Treatments - LTOT; GIFT.
10. IN-VIRTO FERTILIZATION and PLIGHT of EMBRYOS:
10.1. In-Vitro Fertilization
10.2. Multiple Gestations and Embryos
10.3. The Insoluble Dilemma of Frozen Embryos
11. STEM-CELL RESEARCH:
11.1. The Biology of Stem Cells
11.2. Catholic Support of Adult Stem-Cell Research
11.3. Embryonic Stem-Cell Research and Experimentation.
12.1 Declaration on Euthanasia
12.2. Legalized Euthanasia and the Revival of Eugenics.
13. CARE for the UNCONSCIOUS: COMA, THE PERSIST.VEG.STATE, and BRAIN DEATH:
13.1. The Biology of Different Kinds of Unconsciousness
13.2. Catholic Controversy Concerning Brain Death.
14. NUTRITION and HYDRATION:
14.1. Nutrition and Hydration as Ordinary Care
14.2. Imminent Death and the Refusal of Ordinary Care.
15. PALLIATIVE and HOSPICE CARE:
15.1. Palliative Care
15.2. Hospice Care
15.3. Terminal Sedation
15.4. Pre-Natal Hospice
16. ORGAN DONATION and BRAIN DEATH:
16.1. Papal and Magisterial Support for Organ Donation
16.2. Potential for Abuse
17. CATHOLIC HEALTH CARE in SECULAR SOCIETY
17.1. The ERD's on Provision of Health Care in Catholic Context [HHS and fines, alternatives]
17.2. The ERD's on Advance Directives
17.5. Providing Health Care to a Whole Society: Affordable Health Care; Availabiliy of Advanced Techniques; Government Management of Health Care and Freedom of Conscience.
This Webpage was created for a workshop held at Saint Andrew's Abbey, Valyermo, California in 2002