11. CHRISTOLOGY
and DIVISIONS
 

 Transfig. Novgorod

Pieta, Michelangelo


 

 


[11.1] THE CHRISTOLOGICAL CONTROVERSIES [MS-Word]
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 DIVINITY
(
Alexandria)

 HUMANITY
(
Antioch)

 APOLLINARIS (d.c.390)

 PAUL of SAMOSTATA
DIODORUS of TARSUS (d.c.394)
THEODORE of MOPSUESTIA (d.428)

 

 

 

 

ALEXANDRIA

CONSTANTINOPLE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EPHESUS

431 [3rdEC]

 

 

 

 

CYRIL, Patr.Alex.
[+Pope Celestine]

NESTORIUS, Patr.Const.
condemned

Emphasizes UNITY

IN CHRIST two different natures (phuseis) come together to form a [hypostatic] unity [kat’ hypostasin], and from both arose one Christ, one Son ...
   Mary is God-Bearer  (theotokos).

 Emphasizes DISTINCTION

Fathers never said that the consubstantial godhead (homoousion theotēta) was capable of suffering.

   Mary is Christ-bearer (Christotokos)

 

 

 

 

LOCAL SYNOD

CONSTANTINOPLE  448

DIOSCORUS, Patr.[Alex]
&
EUTYCHES (abbot, Const,)

FLAVIAN, Patr.[Const.]
[+Pope Leo supports]

[after the union] the incarnate Christ had only one [divine] nature (physis), and Christ's humanity is not consubstantial with ours.

 

 

 

 

 

ROBBER SYNOD

of EPHESUS 449

DIOSCORUS, Patr.
&
EUTYCHES (abbot, Const,)
Rehabilitated!

FLAVIAN, Patr.
condemned
[+Pope Leo’s Tome denied reading]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHALCEDON

451 [4thEC]

 

 

 

 

DIOSCORUS, Patr.
deposed & exiled

TOME of LEO
vindicated
part of Conciliar acts

& EUTYCHES (abbot, Const,)
again condemned
 

CHRIST has TWO NATURES (physeis/naturae) in ONE PERSON (hypostasis/persona) without confusion, without change, without division, without separation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CONSTANTINOPLE 2

533 [5thEC] [Emp. Justinian I]

 

 

 

 

 

THEODORE of MOPSUESTIA
and his 3 C
HAPTERS, &
THEODORET condemned (Pope Vigilius humiliated)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CONSTANTINOPLE 3

680 [6thEC] [Emp. Constantine IV]

 

 

 

 

CONDEMNATION of:

SERGIUS: (Patr. Const) one operation (energeia) in Christ/ monenergism

POPE HONORIUS: one will (thelema) in Christ (monotheletism)

and CYRUS (Patr. Alex)

CHRIST has TWO WILLS
(thelemata) and

TWO OPERATIONS (energeiai)

 

 

 

 


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